The knee is one of the largest and most important weight bearing joints of the human body. Due to its extensive use, it is highly prone to damage and injury as well. Knee injuries can really be a harrowing experience especially if you don’t have adequate knowledge about such injuries and also how to handle them. Knee injuries can occur either due to –
Mostly knee injuries occur because of bending, stretching or twisting of the knee is an abnormal manner. The knee joint undergoes tremendous strain more than it is designed to tolerate. This could happen during accidents or while playing any strenuous sports. Sometimes even falling leads to an injured knee. Whenever a knee injury takes place the ligaments and cartilage in the area are damaged. The extent of damage defines the severity of the injury and thereafter the course of treatment that needs to be followed to rectify the damage. In several cases, especially in the case of high impact accidents and serious sports injuries, multiple knee injuries also occur. Such cases are can be quite complicated and need to be dealt with utmost care and precision.
Many a time knee injuries like bursitis (inflammation of the bursas) may be caused by degenerative joint diseases, arthritis, gout and severe knee infections too. These cases could be an effect of chronic use and abuse.
Diagnosis of knee injury
A physician or doctor diagnoses the extent of a knee injury with the help of a physical examination, symptoms, and history of the patient. Sometimes all of these are supplemented by x-rays, CT scans, and MRIs too. These tests also help in prognosis and in determining the further course of treatment.
Risk factors for knee injury
Vigorous sports like soccer, basketball, athletics, hockey, weight lifting and other such high-intensity sports increase the risk of knee injuries.
Improper training techniques and chronic injuries may also gradual lead to intensive knee damage.
Women are at high risk for knee injury because of their physical structures. Some body parts of women are built at a tilt which puts additional pressure on the knees and ankles, thus increasing wear and tear. This is more prominent in overweight women.
Being overweight is a risk factor for men too.
Old age is another risk factor for a knee injury as the elderly are more prone to degenerative diseases like osteoporosis and osteoarthritis.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms in case of acute injury will be slightly different from those have chronic problems. The first way to recognize knee injuries is careful observation and increased pain levels. Common symptoms generally experienced are-
acute pain while moving, bending , walking or climbing stairs
inflammation of knee and surrounding areas
redness and soreness
abnormal clicking sounds
not able to bend or stand
bruises and wounds especially in accident cases
First aid treatment for acute injuries involves cold ice compressions, followed by elevation and plenty of rest. Not straining the knee and giving it time to heal helps in quick recovery and proper treatment. To elevate the pain sprays ointments and OTC anti- inflammatory drugs may be given.
For chronic knee ailments and injuries, knee support with the help of knee caps, knee pads, braces and other knee supports depending on the type and extent of knee damage are recommended. Heat therapy several times a day also provides relief and aids in the recovery process. Dietary supplements may also be taken to speed up the recovery and healing. visit this site http://for-knees.com/knee-protection-from-injury/knee-braces/best-knee-brace/.
Severe cases need to be operated upon to set right the damage depending on the kind of injury inflicted. Anti – inflammatory injections are also administered to provide immediate relief. Consultation with an orthopedic surgeon is mandatory for all cases which involve broken bones, torn ligaments, abnormal swelling, open wounds along with splintered bones, and acute immobility, to decide the next course of treatment.
In all the above conditions, regular physiotherapy and regular practice of recommended physical exercises give the patient a lot of relief and also help to strengthen the knee and the muscles around it. These exercises not only protect the knees but will also prevent further damage. Use of proper and recommended knee support products also goes a long way in knee protection in the future too.
Today most people are battling with knee pain and injury in some form of the other. For some, it may be a result of overuse or so some it may be due to accidents on the field and for a few as a result of a fall or motor accident. Whatever be the reason, we are a company who specializes in bringing to our valuable customer's relief from all knee-related problems.